Issue 9

THE RED SCARE    Do they used ‘Communist Language’ such as ‘comrade’, ‘progressive’, ‘reactionary’, witch-hunt etc.? Are they sympathisers of Communist, raising issues of violations of civil rights, racial or religious discrimination? Has he identified himself with…   By Ryan Ratnam

THE RED SCARE

Do they used ‘Communist Language’ such as ‘comrade’, ‘progressive’, ‘reactionary’, witch-hunt etc.? Are they sympathisers of Communist, raising issues of violations of civil rights, racial or religious discrimination? Has he identified himself with…

By Ryan Ratnam

THE TUNGUSKA EVENT    Chernobyl, Hiroshima, Nagasaki. All of these are known today as the sites of some of history’s biggest and most devasting explosions. We know the reasons for these explosions, whether it be a failing nuclear reactor or a nuclear bomb, yet, the Tunguska…   By Senan Karunadhara

THE TUNGUSKA EVENT

Chernobyl, Hiroshima, Nagasaki. All of these are known today as the sites of some of history’s biggest and most devasting explosions. We know the reasons for these explosions, whether it be a failing nuclear reactor or a nuclear bomb, yet, the Tunguska…

By Senan Karunadhara

ISSUE 8

THE ANTARCTIC EXPLORER - ROBERT FALCON SCOTT    It is always important to remember the unspoken, yet important, contributors to history and the knowledge of the wider world that we have today, especially the scientific and geographical one. Exploration of unknown places and unproven theories was and will continue to be, a cornerstone in the development of mankind’s ability to understand its world. Whether it be the great Christopher Columbus and the discovery of the…   By Senan Karunadhara

THE ANTARCTIC EXPLORER - ROBERT FALCON SCOTT

It is always important to remember the unspoken, yet important, contributors to history and the knowledge of the wider world that we have today, especially the scientific and geographical one. Exploration of unknown places and unproven theories was and will continue to be, a cornerstone in the development of mankind’s ability to understand its world. Whether it be the great Christopher Columbus and the discovery of the…

By Senan Karunadhara

issue 7

THE ¥300,000,000 BANK HEIST    Historical crime is a fascinating and intriguing subject to read about. You often come across events planned so intricately, so perfectly, that they often push the boundaries of belief. In the years before technology became such a vital tool for the police to use in capturing a culprit, criminals would often carry out…   By Senan Karunadhara

THE ¥300,000,000 BANK HEIST

Historical crime is a fascinating and intriguing subject to read about. You often come across events planned so intricately, so perfectly, that they often push the boundaries of belief. In the years before technology became such a vital tool for the police to use in capturing a culprit, criminals would often carry out…

By Senan Karunadhara

Issue 6

THE BLACK PANTHER PARTY    The 1960s in particular was a difficult and dangerous period for Black activists in the United States. Many influential African revolutionaries and activists throughout the world had died or been killed in this period, including, but not limited to, Frantz Fanon, Martin Luther…   By Athith Anandavathanan

THE BLACK PANTHER PARTY

The 1960s in particular was a difficult and dangerous period for Black activists in the United States. Many influential African revolutionaries and activists throughout the world had died or been killed in this period, including, but not limited to, Frantz Fanon, Martin Luther…

By Athith Anandavathanan

THE DUAL REVOLUTION    Coined by Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm (1917-2012), the term ‘Dual Revolution’ draws together two ostensibly separate events which together formed the fabric of today’s society. The French and Industrial Revolutions, which at times ran parallel to each other, were responsible not only for…   By Alex Beard

THE DUAL REVOLUTION

Coined by Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm (1917-2012), the term ‘Dual Revolution’ draws together two ostensibly separate events which together formed the fabric of today’s society. The French and Industrial Revolutions, which at times ran parallel to each other, were responsible not only for…

By Alex Beard

HISTORY’S SHORTEST INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT    Wars have varied in duration throughout history. The Chechen-Russian Conflict has been ongoing since the 18th Century. The Hundred Years’ War lasted 116 years. In comparison, the deadliest war in history, World War II, seems incredibly short, having only lasted just over…   By Chris Hall

HISTORY’S SHORTEST INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT

Wars have varied in duration throughout history. The Chechen-Russian Conflict has been ongoing since the 18th Century. The Hundred Years’ War lasted 116 years. In comparison, the deadliest war in history, World War II, seems incredibly short, having only lasted just over…

By Chris Hall

ISSUE 5

WHITE DEATH    On the 30th of November 1939, the Soviet Union launched an attack on neighbouring Finland. Fresh off of their victory in the invasion of Eastern Poland, the country with the largest military in Europe turned to a country of just under four million…   By Chris Hall

WHITE DEATH

On the 30th of November 1939, the Soviet Union launched an attack on neighbouring Finland. Fresh off of their victory in the invasion of Eastern Poland, the country with the largest military in Europe turned to a country of just under four million…

By Chris Hall

THE KILLING FIELDS    The four years of 1975-1979 mark a period of Cambodia’s darkest history. This period is unique from almost any point in history, leaders striving for regression, rather than progression. However, what entailed was tragedy and…   By Ryan Ratnam

THE KILLING FIELDS

The four years of 1975-1979 mark a period of Cambodia’s darkest history. This period is unique from almost any point in history, leaders striving for regression, rather than progression. However, what entailed was tragedy and…

By Ryan Ratnam

HISTORY OF US CINEMA    Though cinema itself didn’t originate from the United States, it cannot be ignored that it has the largest film industry on the planet in the modern day. Most of the films we know and love, whether those be Marvel films, Star Wars films or the Bridget Jones films…   By Josh Osman

HISTORY OF US CINEMA

Though cinema itself didn’t originate from the United States, it cannot be ignored that it has the largest film industry on the planet in the modern day. Most of the films we know and love, whether those be Marvel films, Star Wars films or the Bridget Jones films…

By Josh Osman

issue 4

THE BERLIN CONFERENCE    When we hear about some of the most fragile states in the world, many of them are in Africa. Currently there are racially motivated conflicts in Ethiopia and South Sudan, and the Rwandan Genocide served as a harsh reminder of the racial tensions which have plagued the continent. But why have so many of these conflicts...   By Chris Hall

THE BERLIN CONFERENCE

When we hear about some of the most fragile states in the world, many of them are in Africa. Currently there are racially motivated conflicts in Ethiopia and South Sudan, and the Rwandan Genocide served as a harsh reminder of the racial tensions which have plagued the continent. But why have so many of these conflicts...

By Chris Hall

CHINA: THE NEXT SUPERPOWER?    To determine how China has grown to the leading power it is today, we need to understand its modern history. In 1949, the communist party of China under Mao Zedong officially won a civil war against the Nationalist (Kuomintang) party...   By Neel Shah

CHINA: THE NEXT SUPERPOWER?

To determine how China has grown to the leading power it is today, we need to understand its modern history. In 1949, the communist party of China under Mao Zedong officially won a civil war against the Nationalist (Kuomintang) party...

By Neel Shah

ISSUE 3

SAMURAI    Samurai are warriors of legend. These battle hardened fighters are the source of several folklore tales as well as the basis of countless Western media like movies and books. These warriors were highly trained and were often seen leading armies into battle during the medieval period in Japan. The origin of the Samurai traces back to when the...  By Sparsh Sutariya

SAMURAI

Samurai are warriors of legend. These battle hardened fighters are the source of several folklore tales as well as the basis of countless Western media like movies and books. These warriors were highly trained and were often seen leading armies into battle during the medieval period in Japan. The origin of the Samurai traces back to when the...

By Sparsh Sutariya

PROJECT MKULTRA    I’m sure that we’ve all read a conspiracy theorist’s ramblings at some point, whether it is to do with the Earth being flat, the government being controlled by reptiles or the moon landing being faked. While we often dismiss these ideas as crazy (and with good reason to do so), not every conspiracy theory remains in the strangest forums of the...  By Chris Hall

PROJECT MKULTRA

I’m sure that we’ve all read a conspiracy theorist’s ramblings at some point, whether it is to do with the Earth being flat, the government being controlled by reptiles or the moon landing being faked. While we often dismiss these ideas as crazy (and with good reason to do so), not every conspiracy theory remains in the strangest forums of the...

By Chris Hall

THE WAR OVER FOOTBALL    With the 2018 Football World Cup to be hosted this summer in Russia, let’s look back at a part of history where football indeed caused a full-scale war between two nations.  Two football loving nations created a situation in which there was a war between them, albeit for only a hundred hours...  By Alistair Law

THE WAR OVER FOOTBALL

With the 2018 Football World Cup to be hosted this summer in Russia, let’s look back at a part of history where football indeed caused a full-scale war between two nations.

Two football loving nations created a situation in which there was a war between them, albeit for only a hundred hours...

By Alistair Law

THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD    Mao Zedong: the leader of the Communist Party of China from when it was established in 1949 to when he died in 1976. Today, we see him as a dictator, but in some ways his actions...  By Josh Osman

THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD

Mao Zedong: the leader of the Communist Party of China from when it was established in 1949 to when he died in 1976. Today, we see him as a dictator, but in some ways his actions...

By Josh Osman

 

ISSUE 2

THANKSGIVING TRADITIONS' HISTORY    On the fourth Thursday in November each year, millions of Americans join their families and friends in celebrating Thanksgiving, by eating, watching football and enjoying the company of their loved ones. As with any national holiday, there are traditions that are adhered to, year in and year out, but whilst many people who don’t celebrate...  By Mia Lane and Josh Osman

THANKSGIVING TRADITIONS' HISTORY

On the fourth Thursday in November each year, millions of Americans join their families and friends in celebrating Thanksgiving, by eating, watching football and enjoying the company of their loved ones. As with any national holiday, there are traditions that are adhered to, year in and year out, but whilst many people who don’t celebrate...

By Mia Lane and Josh Osman

THE GREAT EMU WAR    85 years ago, a new threat emerged for the Australian government – the emu. Throughout the state of Western Australia, a scourge of these pests tore down fences, trampled crops and caused chaos in agricultural communities. The threat of this destructive wildlife caused some to describe the conflict between man and emu as all-out war.After World War I...  By Chris Hall

THE GREAT EMU WAR

85 years ago, a new threat emerged for the Australian government – the emu. Throughout the state of Western Australia, a scourge of these pests tore down fences, trampled crops and caused chaos in agricultural communities. The threat of this destructive wildlife caused some to describe the conflict between man and emu as all-out war.After World War I...

By Chris Hall

CHRISTMAS TRADITIONS' ORIGINS    It’s the beginning of the Christmas season and everyone’s getting ready. The trees are up, presents are being bought and the stockings are hung, yet not many people know when these traditions began:Christmas trees were used to decorate homes in the winter, particularly in the German states at the time. In England...  By Neel Shah

CHRISTMAS TRADITIONS' ORIGINS

It’s the beginning of the Christmas season and everyone’s getting ready. The trees are up, presents are being bought and the stockings are hung, yet not many people know when these traditions began:Christmas trees were used to decorate homes in the winter, particularly in the German states at the time. In England...

By Neel Shah

THE SALEM WITCH TRIALS    The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts in 1692-3. The trials resulted in the executions of 20 people by hanging. Five others, including 2 children died in prison. The most infamous trials were conducted by the Court of Oyer and Terminer in 1692 in Salem Town...  By Sparsh Sutariya

THE SALEM WITCH TRIALS

The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts in 1692-3. The trials resulted in the executions of 20 people by hanging. Five others, including 2 children died in prison. The most infamous trials were conducted by the Court of Oyer and Terminer in 1692 in Salem Town...

By Sparsh Sutariya

 

ISSUE 1

THE HISTORY OF HALLOWEEN    Halloween: known for the fears and frights. A night to watch horror movies with friends, go trick-or-treating or go to costume parties. Nowadays, we see Halloween as a fun, exciting day, but it's fair to say that the festival has lost its original cultural significance and roots over the years and has turned from a...  Josh Osman

THE HISTORY OF HALLOWEEN

Halloween: known for the fears and frights. A night to watch horror movies with friends, go trick-or-treating or go to costume parties. Nowadays, we see Halloween as a fun, exciting day, but it's fair to say that the festival has lost its original cultural significance and roots over the years and has turned from a...

Josh Osman

THE CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF HISTORICAL EPIDEMICS    There have been several historical epidemics throughout history, each killing millions upon millions of people. Famous and notable examples include the Black Death/Bubonic Plague, Spanish Flu, several smallpox epidemics and many others. Each epidemic played a key part in...  Sparsh Sutariya

THE CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF HISTORICAL EPIDEMICS

There have been several historical epidemics throughout history, each killing millions upon millions of people. Famous and notable examples include the Black Death/Bubonic Plague, Spanish Flu, several smallpox epidemics and many others. Each epidemic played a key part in...

Sparsh Sutariya

HOW THE SUN SET ON THE BRITISH EMPIRE    At its peak in 1921, the British Empire stretched from Canada to Australia and from the Falklands to Malaysia. Its navy was the bane of any nation trying to expand its empire overseas and it had beaten every major European power in war. Almost ninety years later, the British Empire has been divided up into dozens of different...  Chris Hall

HOW THE SUN SET ON THE BRITISH EMPIRE

At its peak in 1921, the British Empire stretched from Canada to Australia and from the Falklands to Malaysia. Its navy was the bane of any nation trying to expand its empire overseas and it had beaten every major European power in war. Almost ninety years later, the British Empire has been divided up into dozens of different...

Chris Hall

 
THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR    The American Civil War is considered by many to be the first modern war, and has certainly left a long-lasting impact to this day. It was fought between the United States of America, led by Republican leader Abraham Lincoln, and the unrecognised, secessionist Confederate States of America, led by Democratic leader Jefferson Davis. The Montgomery Convention on the 4th of February 1861...  Athith Anandavathanan

THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

The American Civil War is considered by many to be the first modern war, and has certainly left a long-lasting impact to this day. It was fought between the United States of America, led by Republican leader Abraham Lincoln, and the unrecognised, secessionist Confederate States of America, led by Democratic leader Jefferson Davis. The Montgomery Convention on the 4th of February 1861...

Athith Anandavathanan

THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION    The Russian Revolution is the name for a pair of rebellions against the oppressive Tsardom that ruled the Russian Empire. Life under Tsar Nicholas was difficult for the serfs (peasants) living in imperial Russia, especially with the pressures of World War One. Due to the increased dissatisfaction of the public, rebellions began to occur. The February Revolution was...  Neel Shah

THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION

The Russian Revolution is the name for a pair of rebellions against the oppressive Tsardom that ruled the Russian Empire. Life under Tsar Nicholas was difficult for the serfs (peasants) living in imperial Russia, especially with the pressures of World War One. Due to the increased dissatisfaction of the public, rebellions began to occur. The February Revolution was...

Neel Shah